In current linguistics, there is a passionate debate about the importance of grammar in language learning. Indeed, there is a shift to the communicative approach, where the priority is to deliver your idea to the person you are talking to. At the same time, no one cares if you miss an article or omit the third person singular form of the verb in the present simple tense. I will come back to this topic in the next post.
As this is the continuation of the previous posts, devoted to Russian as the foreign language, I will discuss possible grammar challenges a learner may face in regards of this particular language.
1. Inflections (endings) in general. As the Russian grammar is complex, a learner should be prepared for a numerous variations in the endings of nouns, verbs, and adjectives.
2. Genders. There are 3 genders of the nouns – feminine, neutral, and masculine. Yes, exactly like in German; however, the tricky thing is that not always the gender form coincide in both languages. For example, the word ‘book’ is neutral in German (das Buch) and feminine in Russian (книга – kniga).
3. Case forms. There are 6 cases in the Russian language.
4. Verb conjugation. In the present and future tenses, you pick up the ending according to the pronoun. It is very straightforward in English, where the form is identical for each pronoun, e.g. I/you/he,she,it/we/you/they WILL KNOW. As you can guess, a definite form is applied in Russian according to the chosen pronoun.